Sandy soil with good drainage and deep clay, is suitable for growing wheat. Basically, the wheat yield in rainfed conditions (watering with rain), the soil texture is fine. Because such soils can hold water better and for longer. But in the water (the farmer to irrigate the plant itself) is usually much wheat is not affected by soil texture. Wheat, like other plants can germinate in the dry soil.
Spring wheat for winter moisture stored in the soil, its always needed moisture. But usually the process of germination of winter wheat soil moisture will be difficult. If for germination or early seedling growth, soil moisture is not enough seeds may rot or be exposed to the cold injuries.
Wheat Plant Pests and Diseases
Wheat rust, a fungus called Puccinia creates. The most important condition is that wheat stem rust, leaf rust, stripe rust and rust is linear. Environmental conditions favorable for this type of pest is warm to hot wet. A red or black holes that contain spores to reproduce in the stems, leaves, pods, etc. are the symptoms of the disease. The fungal plant efficiency reduce water consumption, plant tissue destruction and the number of seeds in the ear such as when plants suffered water shortages, reduce.
Wheat smut is a fungal disease of wheat that can be detected smut, leaf smut, common bunt and ... will appear. Bunt, the most common and yet, the most destructive kind of smut that much damage, especially to winter wheat is created.
Germination and root rot
The fungal diseases they engender. These diseases are also a lot of damage to the wheat crop. In the past, disinfect seed with mercury compounds to prevent some of these diseases was. But now most of these diseases are carbamate and hexa-chlorobenzene for destruction.
Wheat harvest time under the influence of factors such as precipitation, relative humidity, air temperature and also is the seed. The wheat harvest in early spring (in the tropics) and started to late summer (in cold regions) will continue. Today, the world wheat harvest use of specific mechanical devices are, however, still through the traditional and costly wheat is harvested. In the traditional method, the wheat plants are a few inches of the soil surface, and a Drew ?? make small batches. Then transferred to the threshing floor, and during certain stages hit the categories. Correct harvest time, when the moisture content is between 14 and 16 percent.
Wheat consumption of nutrients
Unlike other grains, wheat can be used in various ways such as bread, biscuits, pastry, cakes, spaghetti, macaroni, etc. were used. Of wheat in paper, glue and washing powders are also used in the preparation. Bran and straw are also used as animal feed. Different types of wheat are used for different purposes. For example, spring or winter wheat software for use in the biscuit industry, the pastry and fit Kykpzy. While the hard wheat autumn and spring are the most used in the bakery.