The scientific name Zea mays a tropical maize grains and grasses family (grasses) of the plants are monocots. Corn, only grain that has evolved in Mexico and Guatemala. Prmhsvltryn corn grain counts and in terms of world production, followed by wheat and rice is. Today, corn fed many of the world is essential.
- Profile Botanical
Monocotyledones corn plant is tall. Alternatively, fallen leaves and the stems are placed on the sides. The angle between the leaf and stalk, 90 degrees. In the early growth of the plant, some of the cells in the upper part of the main stem of the branches differ corn. At the end of the branches, which will form part of the ear called the flower of the corn plant.
The branches are very short between nodes of these nodes, leaf deformation that occurs finding each other and cover the ear. The outermost leaves, leaf complete sheath, ligule, earrings and a blade. But leaves the underlying non-Kamlnd. When the corn plant height reached 80 to 120 cm, or tassel to silk-like stigmas of corn seeds in the ear, will appear.
- Manufacturers of corn
Major corn-producing states are: United States of America, Yugoslavia, Romania, Russia, Italy, China, Argentina, Brazil and South Africa. Corn usually in Gorgan and Gonbad in Iran, Khuzestan, Kermanshah, Khorasan, Gilan and Mazandaran produced.
Archaeological and paleontological studies of plant shows that continuous corn as a crop of nearly 5,000 years ago have been killed in Mexico and Guatemala and indigenous areas. Christopher Columbus, one year after the entry of America, corn seed with win in Spain. Since this plant was raised to orange and then to other European countries. Because this plant to Africa and a number of Asian countries, including India and Japan reached.
- A variety of corn
There are many breeds of maize seed endosperm tissue that these groups are classified based on the features.
Corn is probably caused by a mutation has occurred. Pericarp thin that the property is suitable for the production of sweet corn with fair skin. In this type of maize, a thick layer of hard endosperm, endosperm starch surrounded. Endosperm starch corn flakes this type compared to other types, more moisture which, when heated, expands and turns into steam.
Water vapor into the outer layer of hard endosperm corn can easily be removed. Inevitably brings a lot of pressure on this layer into the grain and seed blew a puff. The corn to make popcorn or popcorn usually used. The amount of moisture for maximum puff, 14 percent.